Nutrition and Mineral Deficiency

Our metabolic rate and lean body mass decline with age. In turn, some vitamins and minerals are no longer properly absorbed by the body. Elderly people may require more nutrients than younger people because they may have fewer appetites and a lower caloric requirement.

The connection between Lifestyle of Seniors and Mineral and Nutrition Deficiency in Seniors 

Their different lifestyle practices can also have an impact on the things they eat. Less important vitamins and minerals are absorbed because of decreased physical activity and calorie intake, which might result in the development of specific dietary deficiencies.

The connection between Health of Seniors and Mineral and Nutrition Deficiency in Seniors 

Overall health is influenced by nutrition, especially in older people. According to studies, hunger causes aging to occur more quickly. Eating a good diet consistently is recognized as one of the key factors in healthy aging.

Not only does the act of eating factor into nutritionally sound practices and healthy eating habits, but so do the processes of absorbing food, digesting food, producing biosynthesis, breaking down catabolism, and eliminating waste. The elderly typically has a greater tendency to have difficulties digesting and absorbing meals due to issues with oral health, difficulty chewing, dry mouth, and a lower appetite. This increases the likelihood of their suffering from malnutrition.

Inadequate intake of food can lead to several medical conditions, including anemia, weakness, and even blindness. Several of these conditions relate to vitamin deficiencies. Chronic conditions that are associated with getting older include osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Studies show that due to poor dental health or tooth loss, elderly adults consume a greater quantity of carbs and a lesser quantity of meals high in nutrients (such as fruits and vegetables). If you consume an excessive amount of carbohydrates, you put yourself at an increased risk of acquiring diabetes as well as other comorbidities.

How Nutrition and Mineral Deficiencies Occur in Seniors

The number of nutrients that seniors receive may also be affected by the following factors:

  1. Forgetting things and deteriorating cognitive abilities.
  2. A fixed or restricted income that places a cap on the amount that can be spent on food.
  3. Adverse drug reactions could affect how well the body assimilates certain nutrients.
  4. Vitamin and mineral interactions with medications.
  5. Digestive problems, whether brought on by a surgical operation or a GI tract infection.
  6. Excessive alcohol consumption and cigarette use.
  7. Changes in hormones and neurotransmitters alter how hunger and satiety are felt.

Common Nutrition and Mineral Deficiencies

The following deficiencies are more prevalent in seniors than in younger people:

  • Calcium: This mineral supports bone strength and density. Lack of calcium can limit mobility and make injuries from falls worse.
  • Vitamin D: Increases bone density when combined with calcium.
  • Magnesium: It impacts several bodily functions, including the control of blood pressure.
  • Antioxidants: Included in vitamin C have an impact on protein absorption and wound healing.
  • Vitamin B6: Aids in the digestion of proteins and may have an impact on cognitive function.
  • Vitamin E: Vitamin E, which is also well-known for its antioxidants, is essential for the immune system.
  • Vitamin B12: It is vital for the health of the nervous system and the production of new blood cells.
  • Folate: It is also known as Vitamin B9, folate helps produce both red and white blood cells. Anemia in elderly persons may be diagnosed because of a deficiency.
  • Potassium: It supports bone health and strength, lowers blood pressure, and lowers the chance of kidney stones.
  • Fiber: It improves digestion and lowers the risk of heart disease by influencing how food travels through the digestive tract.
  • Omega 3: It may enhance cognitive function and has been shown to slow the course of macular degeneration, rheumatoid arthritis, and Alzheimer’s disease.  

What vitamins and minerals do you need and how to get more of them in your diet



Iron-deficiency anemia is more common among seniors. Iron boosts energy, immunological function, and body warmth.


Immune response, protein synthesis, neuron and muscle function, blood pressure management, and antioxidant characteristics


It Helps with taste, smell, protein synthesis, immunological function, wound healing, growth, and development.


it is responsible for immune and thyroid support.

Manganese (Mn)

It lowers Mn is linked to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI)


It influences numerous neural actions.


It is essential for bone health—osteoporosis raises the risk of falls in seniors.

Vitamin D

It helps in Ca absorption and bone health in seniors.

B Vitamins

It lowers stomach acid and affects vitamin B12 absorption. B vitamins fight illness.

Vitamin C

Immune defense, wound healing, protein synthesis, collagen synthesis, and neurotransmitter production.

Vitamin A

It influences skin and cancer cells.

Vitamin E

Immune support reduces cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease in the elderly.

Vitamin K

Blood coagulation, calcium transfer, and bone density.

The Effects of Dietary Products on Senior’s Health

It may take several months or even years for a person to acquire a vitamin or nutrient deficiency. The same holds for any following conditions, some of which may have their roots in childhood but don’t become apparent until later in life. The following are examples of common nutrition-related conditions:

  • Anemia: Hospitalized elderly patients frequently receive a diagnosis of this nutritional deficiency, which can occur in conjunction with inflammation, persistent illnesses, and difficulties in protein absorption.
  • Cognitive Impairment: A deficiency in vitamin B12 can cause cognitive impairment, which frequently occurs in conjunction with gastrointestinal problems linked to absorption and infection, anemia, and folic acid insufficiency. Folic acid shortage can also cause cognitive impairment. Memory problems, disorientation, slow processing, and even sadness are among the symptoms that may be seen in elderly people.
  • Deficiency in Vitamin D: Seniors with reduced amounts of Vitamin D in their blood, frequently because of less exposure to sunlight, tend to have poorer bone density. This is a common cause of osteoporosis. This illness puts elders at increased risk for osteomalacia and osteoporosis, as well as an increased likelihood of experiencing fractures.

To combat these problems, medical professionals frequently advise patients to consume less saturated fat and sodium and more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and sources of fiber. Patients might also be directed towards vitamins and dietary supplements to concentrate on specific nutrients.

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